Journalism has traveled a long way over the years; there is no denial. Every part of the world has promoted operations of journalists owing to the fact that the public needs to know what happens behind the pretense being put up on the stage. Career options for journalism kept developing with every passing decade as the technology was gradually advancing. Although the particular sector has several drawbacks in terms of the risks involved, the demand for information will never fade, and so will be the dream of many aspirants to venture into journalism. The print media shaped public opinion as newspapers dropped in at the doorstep every morning to push out all the current affairs.
What initially was believed to have been a self-built empire developed educational requirements to find a place in the industry. All of this can only be the result of a growing population. Journalism education is believed to have been introduced in the nineteenth century. Professionals who were creating wonders and history in journalism with their talent had to go through several stages of debates to conclude that the aspirants need an arts degree to be qualified for a job in the journalism sector.
These discussions in the past did, however, bring many relevant topics to the front. Casteism and racism were subjects that always occupied the minds of the public. When it was about journalism education, equal rights for everyone became an issue. Countless problems were on the way to prosperity. Let us look at a brief history of journalism education.
The Beginning and the Journey of Journalism
Professionalization was the topic that led to many protests and movements in the nineteenth century. The years following the Civil War had many groups of people vying for the top positions of the highest paid jobs. Everyone, including social workers, lawyers, business people, and journalists, wanted to have a separate class for their expertise. With this came higher authority in every field, meaning all the professionals wanted to be a part of the higher sect of individuals. For them to be raised over to such pedestals, training was imperative. Journalists also had to go through several stages of training to meet the accepted standards of the sector.
Universities and experts in the industry had to discuss the potential of the development of journalism education. Editing, writing, and copy reading weren’t all about the talent one possesses; instead, the candidate must have the skills to tackle every challenge with ease. Since many professionals recommended education as a crucial stage in the learning process, the government and universities agreed upon the programs to be offered. Since the welfare of the society had one of its pillars built on journalism, the establishment of its position in the structure was crucial.
It was in 1908 that the first journalism program was introduced. However, no much traction was developed in these programs until the mid-nineteenth century. Accreditation of journalism schools also began only in the late 1940s. It all led to the release of several theory-based and skill-based books and content for the aspirants to peruse. A balance was found in education over the years.